ABC Company is an internet solutions company that supplies and installs internet cables in homes and business premises. The owner, Jake Caufield, wants the company to go public in the next https://www.bookstime.com/articles/bookkeeping-for-auto-repair-shops year so that they can sell shares of the company to the public. Tesla’s 2.34 ratio cannot be compared to a lower or higher ratio of a company that operates within a different sector.

- In essence, by calculating a company’s equity multiplier or looking at its equity multiplier ratio, a business stakeholder, investor, or lender is looking to measure the company’s risk profile.
- Net profit margin, asset turnover and the equity multiplier are combined to calculate ROE, which allows analysts to consider the relative of each impact separately.
- You can use an equity multiplier calculator or manual equity multiplier calculation.
- Equity multiples and other financial ratios are great tools to take a quick look into a company.
- This is due to lower debt obligations in the business and a healthier financing structure.
- The equity multiplier (also referred to as “EM” or “leverage ratio”) is a financial indicator allowing you to assess the proportion of a company’s assets acquired through equity as opposed to debt.

## How to find the Equity Multiple Value?

- The company may also be unable to obtain further financing to expand its market reach.
- It can be found from the total value of a company’s equity divided by the total value of shareholders’ equity.
- The equity multiplier is just a calculation, so it doesn’t consider the risk of the investment or your personal situation.
- However, suppose the equity multiplier had risen while sales/assets and income/sales were static or declining.
- A low value indicates a company is using less debt to finance assets.

In the formula above, there is a direct relationship between ROE and the equity multiplier. Any increase in the value of the equity multiplier results in an increase in ROE. A high equity multiplier shows that the company incurs a higher level of debt in its capital structure and has a lower overall cost of capital. Though the EM ratio is a snapshot of a company, lower ratios indicate a reduced reliance on debt to finance its assets. Investing in a company with a high EM ratio requires more emphasis on cash flows. This is because revenue will need to increase to satisfy increasing debt service charges.

## By Industry

In some cases, a low equity multiplier could actually indicate that the company cannot find willing lenders; or it could also signal that a company’s growth prospects are low. Higher financial leverage, such as a higher equity multiple, drives the equity multiplier is equal to ROE upward as long as all other factors remain equal. Get instant access to lessons taught by experienced private equity pros and bulge bracket investment bankers including financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel Modeling.

## Calculating a Company’s Equity Multiplier

It is essential to analyze and compute various ratios and tools to see a company’s financial health and nature truly. Ratios like an equity multiple are snapshots into a much larger corporate image. Financial institutions may also provide unfavorable credit arrangements in such cases.

This also means that current investors actually own less of the company assets than current creditors. The equity multiplier is a useful tool for investors to monitor risk and understand how a company generates returns for investors. It’s helpful by itself and as part of a DuPont analysis, which is a financial tool that breaks out how a company generates a return on equity (ROE).

To explain leverage analysis, we use the example of Apple Inc. and Verizon Communications Inc. In March 2016, Apple’s total assets stood at $305 billion, while the value of the shareholder’s equity stood at $130 billion. A company’s equity multiplier varies if the value of its assets changes, and/or if the level of liabilities changes. If assets increase while liabilities decrease, the equity multiplier becomes smaller.

Generally, this ratio is considered along with other ratios for an investor or individual to get an overall understanding of a company’s financial position. If the company has effectively used its assets and is showing a profit that is high enough to service its debt, then incurring debt can be a positive strategy. However, this strategy exposes the company to the risk of an unexpected drop in profits, which could then make it difficult for the company to repay its debt. Both creditors and investors use this ratio to measure how leveraged a company is. In general, lower equity multipliers are better for investors, but this can vary between industries and companies with particular industries.

The equity multiplier was thus 4.41x (366.6 ÷ 83.2) based on these values. Consider Apple’s (AAPL) balance sheet at the end of the 2021 fiscal year. The company’s total assets were $351 billion, and the book value of shareholders’ equity was $63 billion. The formula for calculating the equity multiplier consists of dividing a company’s total asset balance by its total shareholders’ equity. Investors bank heavily on the equity multiplier ratio as one of the key performance indicators in the DuPont Analysis, as discussed earlier. The asset turnover and net profit margin remaining constants, the equity multiplier ratio, can impact a company’s returns on equity greatly.